Lymphoma - Cause, Symptoms and Treatment

Lymphoma is cancer that affects lymphocytes, infection-fighting cells. These cells play an important role in the body's immune defense. They are of different types and are present in lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow & other parts of the body. When cancer arises in the lymphatic system, then these lymphocytes change & grow abnormally. The cancer cells quickly metastasize or spread to different parts of the body like the liver, bone marrow or lungs, etc.

The two common types of lymphoma are as follows-

  1. Non-Hodgkin: This is the most common type of lymphoma cancer & it accounts for 95% of all the cases of this type.

  2. Hodgkin 


Cause

Researchers did not find the exact cause of Lymphoma. Even though certain risk factors that need to be considered are as follows: 

Lymphoma

Age factors: There are high chances in the age of 60s or older for non-Hodgkin lymphoma

 & also between 15 and 40 or older than 55 for Hodgkin lymphoma

Gender: This cancer affects more in males, although particular subtypes may be more common in females. 

Weak immune system: Having a weak immune system with HIV/AIDS, an organ transplant, or any immune disorder since birth & with immune system diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, lupus, or celiac disease are also at more risk.

Viral infections: Those infected with a virus such as Epstein-Barr, hepatitis C, or human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (HTLV-1) are at high risk of developing this cancer.

Exposure to chemicals & radiation: Exposure to chemicals like benzene and radiation is also considered as one of the risk factors.


Symptoms 

Some of the signs and symptoms of lymphoma are as follows:

Lymphoma symptoms

  • Swollen glands in the neck, armpit, or groin that are painless

  • Severe Cough

  • Shortness of breath

  • Sickness

  • Night sweats

  • Fatigue

  • Weight loss

  • Itching

These symptoms also occur in those who aren't diagnosed with this cancer. Hence it's necessary to consult a doctor to find out for sure if you have lymphoma.


Treatment:

Treatment for lymphoma depends on the type of cancer and its stage. In most cases treatment is not required if the cancer is not spreading to other parts & is in a slow growth process. 

If the treatment is inevitable in this cancer then below mentioned are the procedures that are widely followed by all health care providers for all the cases.

Antibody therapy: In this therapy, synthetic antibodies are injected into the bloodstream to fight against cancer.

Biological therapy: In biological therapy, drugs induce living microorganisms into the body to stimulate the immune system which fights against cancer.

Surgery: Your doctor will suggest surgery to remove the organs with cancer like the spleen or other body parts if cancer has spread.

Chemotherapy:  This process is used to kill cancerous cells with aggressive drug treatment.

Radiation therapy: Your doctor will recommend this treatment to kill cancerous cells with high doses of radiation.

You can find some effective drugs for the treatment of lymphoma by clicking on this link .



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