Kidney Cancer Symptoms & treatment

Kidney cancer

 Kidney cancer is also called Renal cancer. The cells in the kidney grow abnormally forming a tumor. These tumors are of 3 types- Malignant, indolent, or benign. Malignant and indolent tumors both are cancerous but indolent rarely spreads to other body parts than malignant tumors. The benign tumors grow but don't spread to other parts & are almost non-cancerous.
Kidney cancer

Types of Kidney Cancer 

Renal cell carcinoma: This is the most common type of malignant kidney cancer in adults. It occurs when cancer grows in the lining of tubules. This is the fastest spreading cancer to other body parts.

Transitional cell carcinoma: In this cancer occurs in the tubes connecting the kidney with the bladder. In this type, cancer starts in the ureters and later in the bladder.

Wilms Tumors: This is the most common cancer in children & rarely seen in adults.

Benign kidney Tumors: Most benign tumors are non-cancerous and don't spread to other parts of the body. These are removed from the kidney easily with minor complications even though they are massive.

Kidney cancer

Cause & risk factors 

The cause of kidney cancer is still unknown but there are various aspects like genetic & environmental factors which need to be considered.

  • smoking

  • obesity

  • hypertension

  • family history

  • older age

  • Being male

  • Exposure to toxins in the workplace

  • Inherited genetic disorders like von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease or inherited papillary renal cell carcinoma.


Some of the most common symptoms of kidney cancer are-

  • Back pain, particularly just below your ribs

  • blood in your urine

  • abdominal pain & swelling

  • a lump in the abdomen

  • fatigue & flank pain

  • recurring fevers

  • unexplained weight loss & anemia

  • Swelling in legs or ankles

  • Bone pain, shortness Of breath & coughing up blood are some of the symptoms when kidney cancer spreads to other body parts.

These symptoms occur in progressive stages as there may not be any signs or symptoms in the early stages of kidney cancer in most cases.


Treatment for kidney cancer includes the following-

  • Surgery-Radical nephrectomy, simple nephrectomy & partial nephrectomy.

If surgery can't able to cure kidney cancer then the doctor will suggest one or more of the following for treatment-

  • Cryotherapy

  • Radiofrequency ablation

  • Arterial embolization

  • Chemotherapy

  • Radiation therapy

  • Biological therapy

  • Targeted therapy

You can find some of the best drugs for targeted therapy by clicking on this Link.

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