How Blood clotting affects other organs in our Body ?


 Generally, blood clots are formed in our body to stop bleeding when we get injured. Once the healing process starts then these blood clots are removed automatically in our body.

But in some cases, these blood clots are formed abnormally & they don't break down like in the natural process. Those are very dangerous & may cause serious health issues

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Types 

Some of the types of blood clots depending on their place of formation are as follows-

  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that blocks the deep veins resulting in damage to your leg, thigh, or pelvis.

  • A pulmonary embolism causes damage to your lungs & restricts other organs from the oxygen supply. It occurs when DVT travels through the bloodstream to the lungs.

  • Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) causes a hemorrhagic stroke in the brain. It is a rare blood clot that forms in the venous sinuses of your brain, which usually drains blood from your brain. CVST also causes some other issues in other parts of the body such as an ischemic stroke, a heart attack, kidney problems, kidney failure, and pregnancy-related problems.


Risk factors

Blood clotting is also known as Hypercoagulability, can occur in any age group irrespective of gender, and race. 

Some of the risk factors include-

  • Major surgery, specifically of the pelvis, abdomen, hip, knee.

  • A family history of blood clots.

  • Illness with Long-term diseases such as heart and lung conditions, or diabetes

  • Serious trauma, such as a car accident

  • Damage to a vein that may have been caused by a broken bone or severe muscle injury.

  • Hip or knee replacement surge,ry.

  • Cancer treatments.

  • Use of birth control methods that comprise estrogen, such as the pill, patch, or ring

  • Pregnancy, which involves the six weeks after the baby is born

  • The use of hormone therapy, which contains estrogen

  • Overweight & Smoking

  • Confinement to bed or wheelchair

  • Sitting too long, mainly with legs crossed

  • Age 55 or older

  • Certain genetic disorders. 


Symptoms 

Blood clot symptoms mainly depend on the location of a clot in the body-

  • Abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting

  • Sudden or gradual pain, swelling, tenderness, and warmth in arms or leg.

  •  Shortness of breath, pain with deep breathing, rapid breathing accompanied with increased heart rate.

  • Difficulty in speaking, vision problems, seizures, weakness on one side of the body along with severe headache is the symptoms that show when blood clots in the brain.

  • Chest pain, sweating & breathing problems, pain in the left arm occurs when blood clots in the heart.


Treatment

Treatments for blood clots rely on where it is located and how severe it is. Some of the treatments include-

  • Blood thinners

  • Other medicines like thrombolytics, which are used to dissolve blood clots.

  • Surgery and other treatments to remove the blood clots



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