How can we cure Prostate Cancer,Symptoms & Treatment

 


Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men which affects the prostate gland of the male reproductive system.

 The Prostate is a walnut-sized gland, lies in between the urethra and the bladder. It produces seminal fluids & increases the size with age.


Cause & Risk factors :


Researchers still haven't determined the cause of prostate cancer but here are some risk factors need to be considered to know who are largely accountable for this disease -

  • Men above 50years are at higher risk than others.

  • Having a family history increases the risk.

  • Genetic disorders are also one of the reasons for developing cancer cells.

  • Obesity & a high-fat diet also considered as one of the causes of the disease.


Symptoms of Prostate cancer:


In some cases, there are no signs or symptoms in the early stage of prostate cancer.

These are some of the symptoms which have been identified in most of the patients.

  • Frequent urge to urinate

  • Blood in urine

  • Erection problem & painful ejaculation.

  • Bone pain mainly in hip areas

  • Swelling in legs and feet

  • Back pain & Weight loss

  • Changes in bowel movements.

Yet these symptoms are not enough to conclude as there are several patients with these symptoms but they don't have prostate cancer so it's best to consult a doctor, before getting down to any conclusion.


Medication:


Some medical procedures to cure prostate cancer :

  • Hormone associated therapy

  • Chemotherapy

  • Urinary retention medication

  • Radiation therapy

  • Particle therapy


Some of the drugs approved by the FDA which are used for prostate cancer:


Apalutamide

Bicalutamide

Cabazitaxel

Casodex

Degarelix

Docetaxel

Enzalutamide

Flutamide

Goserelin Acetate

Jevtana (Cabazitaxel)

Leuprolide Acetate

Lupron Depot 

Lynparza (Olaparib)

Mitoxantrone Hydrochloride

Nilandron (Nilutamide)

Nilutamide

Nubeqa (Darolutamide)

Olaparib

Orgovyx (Relugolix)

Provenge (Sipuleucel-T)

Radium 223 Dichloride

Relugolix

Rubraca (Rucaparib Camsylate)

Rucaparib Camsylate

Sipuleucel-T

Taxotere (Docetaxel)

Xofigo (Radium 223 Dichloride)

Xtandi (Enzalutamide)

Yonsa (Abiraterone Acetate)

Zoladex (Goserelin Acetate)

Zytiga (Abiraterone Acetate)




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