Brain cancer Symptoms & its treatment



Brain cancer occurs due to the abnormal growth of cells in the brain. The mass of cancer cells is called tumors. It may be cancerous (Malignant tumor) & noncancerous ( benign tumors).

Brain cancer begins either in the brain (primary brain tumors) or cancer can develop in other parts of the body later spread to the brain (secondary or Metastatic brain tumors).


There are four stages in brain cancer to know the level of severity:

GRADE I -

The cells look like normal brain cells which slowly start growing with benign tissue.

GRADE II -

Here the cells look less similar than grade I & the tissue is malignant.

GRADE III - 

Now the cells no longer look like normal brain cells. The malignant tissue develops the growth of abnormal cells.

GRADE IV -

In grade IV, malignant tissue has abnormal cells which are growing rapidly.


What causes Brain cancer?


The cause of abnormal cells from normal brain cells in both primary brain tumor & metastatic brain tumor Is still not know. However, it has been concluded through some research data that few people are at more risk of developing brain cancer. The risk factors are as follow:

  • Those who work at oil refinery & Rubber industry

  • Chemists & Embalmers

  • Jet fuel Handlers 

  • Smoking

  • Radiation

  • Viral infections(HIV) Etc

There is no evidence that blood cancer is contagious, Genetical, caused by cell phone use & head trauma.


What are brain cancer symptoms and signs?

The most common symptoms are:

  • New onset or change in the pattern of headaches

  • Headaches that gradually become more periodic and more severe

  • Unexplained nausea or vomiting

  • Blurred vision, diplopia or loss of peripheral vision

  • Gradual loss of sensation or movement in some body parts like arm or a leg etc

  • Difficulty with balance

  • Speech difficulties

  • Confusion in everyday matters

  • Personality or behavior changes

  • Seizures in some patients who doesn't have a history of seizures

  • Hearing problems

All the above symptoms can occur in other cases too apart from brain cancer so It's not possible to conclude brain cancer alone based on these symptoms. 

In few brain cancer patients, there are no symptoms. 


Treatment:

Brain cancer treatment varies from patient to patient. It depends on the type of cancer, brain location, tumor size, patient age & health status.

The most common treatments for brain cancer are surgery(invasive), radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Some brain cancers are inoperable as they may damage the brain in the process of removing the tumor, which leads to death.

In most cases, there is a high recovery rate with proper treatment. 










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