All about Multiple Sclerosis-Cause,Symptoms and Treatment


Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects your brain, spinal cord & optical nerves. This is a long-term chronic condition in which a person faces a lot of issues like vision problems, blurred speech, etc.


The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. But scientists believe that it's an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the myelin, a fatty substance surrounding the nerve fibers to protect it.

Once the myelin gets damaged, the nerve fiber unable to process the signals properly to the brain which results in disruption of various activities in the human body.

There's is no evidence why multiple sclerosis occurs in a few & not in others. It might be the genetic or environmental factors that affect.


The symptoms of  Multiple Sclerosis vary from person to person based on the location of the affected nerve fiber.

Let discuss some of the most common symptoms :

  • Muscle weakness

  • Numbness & tingling

  •  Lhermitte’s sign- Electric shock-like sensation on neck movement.

  • Bowel problem

  • Bladder problem

  • Fatigue, dizziness & vertigo

  • Sexual dysfunction

  • Tremors

  • Vision problem

  • Depression & emotional changes

  • Memory problems.

  • seizures

  • speech disorders

  • swallowing problems

  • urinary tract infections

  • reduced activity and loss of mobility


Multiple Sclerosis has no cure. But treatment is available to suppress the chronic conditions.

There are several medications available to slow the progression of the disease & also helps in reduces the severity.(Disease-modifying drugs)

Beta interferons- The most common drug to ease the frequency of flares.

Some of the oral medications..

teriflunomide (Aubagio)

fingolimod (Gilenya)

dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)

mavenclad (cladribine)

mayzent (siponimod)

There are new medications that are also very effective in treating multiple sclerosis. You can check them by clicking on this Link .

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